Qhuric

Basics & History

Qhuric (native Sadhwara HaQhur “language of the Noble People”) is a descendant of the ancient Ammonite language spoken in modern Jordan, a sister language to Biblical Hebrew and one of only two survivors of the Canaanite language family still around today. It is spoken by the Qhur, an ethnic group living around the Gulf of Aqaba and on the island of Soriah (Sawrayah). Interesting features include the disappearance of gender in nouns and adjectives (a process that began in Ammonitic), much borrowing from Koine Greek and Classical Arabic, and a “mystic language”–Old Ammonitic–still used in initiation ceremonies in the Qhuric Church.

Phonology & Phonotactics

Consonants: m <m> p <p> f <f> b <b> w <w> n <n> t <t> θ <th> d <d> ð <dh> s <s> z <z> ʃ <š> ʒ <j> j <y> l <l> r <r> k <k> g <g> q <q> x <kh> ɣ <gh> ħ <qh> ʕ <Ø> ʔ <‘> h <h>

Vowels: a i u

Phonotactics: Biblical Hebrew had a habit of fricativizing post-initial stops (<b> became <v> and so on). Biblical Ammonitic did the same, with the exception of word-final stops. This has passed down to Qhuric accordingly; the word kithab, kithawim “book, manuscript” is derived from the root K-T-B, with <v> becoming <w> and <t> becoming <th>.

Vowel Changes: in the most prominent dialect at the moment, that spoken on Soriah (and originally in

  • <a> is pronounced <æ> in open syllables.
  • <i> runs the range from /i/ in stressed syllables and /ɪ/ in unstressed syllables to /e/ in syllables with /q,ħ,ʕ/ nearby.
  • <u> runs a similar range, from /u/ in stressed syllables and /ʉ/ in unstressed ones to /o/ in syllables with /q,ħ,ʕ/ nearby.
  • <aw> is pronounced /ɔ/, <iw> as /y/, and <uw> as /oʉ/.

Stress: verbal stress follows strict rules, but for nouns it’s best to assume the final syllable is stressed if followed by a consonant, and the penultimate syllable otherwise. Thus akhal kathib akhil “the (male) writer ate the food” would be stressed /æ’xal kæ’θib æ.’xil/.

Orthography: Ammonitic used to be written in the Hebraic script, but around the 8th Century switched to Arabic. Modern pagan revival movements often use the Modern Hebrew Abjad, formalized for Qhuric by Ira bin Hiram-Huldah in the 1960s.

Derivational Morphology

Morphology

Verb Conjugation

PerfectImperfect
Pa’al1s: katháwdi
2sm: katháwda
2sf: kathwát (kathwatí-)
3sm: katháb
3sf: kathwá
1p: katháwnu
2pm: kathawdím
2pf: kathawdín
3p: kathwú
1s: ’akhtúb
2sm: tikhtúb
2sf: tikhtawí
3sm: yikhtúb
3sf: tikhtúb
1p: nikhtúb
2pm: tikhtabú
2pf: tikhtúwna(h)
3pm: yikhtawú
3pf: tikhtúwna(h)
Pi’al1s: kitáwdi
2sm: kitáwda
2sf: kitawát
3sm: kitáb
3sf: kitawá
1p: kitáwnu
2pm: kitawdím
2pf: kitawdín
3p: kitabú
1s: ’akhatáb
2sm: tikhatáb
2sf: tikhatawí
3sm: yikhatáb
3sf: tikhatáb
1p: nikhatáb
2pm: tikhatabú
2pf: tikhatáwna(h)
3pm: yikatabú
3pf: tikatáwna(h)
Pu’al1s: kutáwdi
2sm: kutáwda
2sf: kutawát
3sm: kutáb
3sf: kutawá
1p: kutáwnu
2pm: kutawdím
2pf: kutawdín
3p: kutabú
1s: ’akhutáb
2sm: takhutáb
2sf: takhutawí
3sm: yakhutáb
3sf: takhutáb
1p: nakhutáb
2pm: takhutabú
2pf: takhutáwna(h)
3pm: yakhutabú
3pf: takhutáwna(h)
Hipa’il1s: hikatíwdi
2sm: hikatíwda
2sf: hikatawát
3sm: hikatíb
3sf: hikatiwá
1p: hikatíwnu
2pm: hikatawdím
2pf: hikatawdín
3p: hikatabú
1s: ’akatáb
2sm: tikatáb
2sf: tikatawí
3sm: yikatíb
3sf: tikatíb
1p: nikatíb
2pm: tikatabú
2pf: tikatíwnah
3pm: yikatabú
3pf: tikatíwnah
Hipu’al1s: hikutáwdi
2sm: hikutáwda
2sf: hikutawat
3sm: hikutáb
3sf: hikutawá
1p: hikutáwnu
2pm: hikutawdím
2pf: hikutawdín
3p: hikutabú
1s: ’akatáb
2sm: tikatáb
2sf: tikatawí
3sm: yikutáb
3sf: tikutáb
1p: nikutáb
2pm: tikutabú
2pf: tikutáwnah
3pm: yikutabú
3pf: tikutáwnah
Hif’il1s: hikhtíwdi
2sm: hikhtíwda
2sf: hikhtíwat
3sm: hikhtíb
3sf: hikhtiwá
1p: hikhtíwnu
2pm:
hikhtiwdím
2pf: hikhtiwdín
3p: hikhtibú
1s: ’akhtíb
2sm: takhtíb
2sf: takhtiwí
3sm: yakhtíb
3sf: takhtíb
1p: nakhtíb
2pm: takhtibú
2pf: takhtawínah
3pm: yakhtibú
3pf: takhtawínah
Huf’al1s: hukhtáwdi
2sm: hukhtáwda
2sf: hukhtáwat
3sm: hukhtáb
3sf: hukhtawá
1p: hukhtáwnu
2pm: hukhtawdím
2pf: hukhtawdín
3p: hukhtabú
1s: ’ukhtáb
2sm: tukhtáb
2sf: tukhtawí
3sm: yukhtáb
3sf: tukhtáb
1p: nukhtáb
2pm: tukhtabú
2pf: tukhtáwnah
3pm: yukhtabú
3pf: tukhtáwnah
Nif’al1s: nikhtáwdi
2sm: nikhtáwda
2sf: nikhtáwat
3sm: nikhtáb
3sf: nikhtawá
1p: nikhtáwnu
2pm: nikhtawdím
2pf: nikhtawdín
3p: nikhtabú
1s: ’akathil
2sm: tikathíb
2sf: tikathwí
3sm: yikathíb
3sf: tikathíb
1p: nikathíb
2pm: tikathwú
2pf: tikatháwnah
3pm: yikathwú
3pf: tikatháwnah

Syntax

Some basics:

  • Word order is VSO.
  • Genitive constructions are formed with [N1.construct] ha-[N2.absolute], for example kithab hasshamir “the bishop’s book”.

Examples

كُل هَاِنَصِم نُلَدِم حَفصِم وَ صِوَيِم

כול האעינאשׁימ נולאדימ חאפבשׁימ וא שׁיואיימ

Kul ha’inashim nuladhim qhapshim wa shiwayim.

All human beings are born free and equal.

TO BE CONTINUED…

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